TRIZ in Blockchain: Creative Thinking Technology

The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) is one of the most controversial methods. It is a set of methods for solving problems and improving systems. Major manufacturing companies use TRIZ methods and tools in their work – Samsung, LG, Gillette, HP, Intel, Boeing, Xerox, Ford, Toyota, Kodak, Johnson&Johnson and others. The theory is applied when inventive problems arise at a person’s level, unresolved in obvious or familiar ways. The most effective solution is obtained using resources (material, time, space, human, etc.) that we already have.

Golubev_Od_UA

Crynet.io (managing partner), vtorov.tech (expert), ICO/STO/IEO/IDO, business and marketing projects

Humanity does not stand still, and the last decades confirm this – the number of achievements and discoveries is constantly growing. And all thanks to the fact that some people find unique algorithms to simplify standard routine processes. One of them is the TRIZ method. The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) is one of the most controversial methods.

Story

In 1946, Soviet engineer, scientist, and science fiction writer Genrich Altshuller began studying the problem-solving techniques most often used by inventors. In total, he highlighted 40 techniques, which he called Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ). He came to the conclusion that the solution of a technical problem leads to a time when there is still no answer to the question, and there are many options. Every inventor finds himself in this situation.

Altshuller also concluded that the most effective solution to a problem is achieved using resources (material, time, space, human, etc.) that one already has. Then the answer will become obvious. In the 80s, this theory was taken as the basis of teaching methods in Soviet schools and used in factories.

Today, TRIZ is widely recognized around the world. Major manufacturing companies use TRIZ methods and tools in their work – Samsung, LG, Gillette, HP, Intel, Boeing, Xerox, Ford, Toyota, Kodak, Johnson&Johnson and others. Global TRIZ conferences are held every year and the international, Asian and European TRIZ associations actively participate in their activities. In 1998, the Altshuller Institute was opened in the United States to train engineers and managers.

What is that?

TRIZ is a set of methods for solving problems and improving systems. With it, you can increase efficiency and improve the ability to solve complex problems, while using a creative approach, developing imagination and flexibility of thinking. Some experts consider this theory to be the most effective for developing creative skills because it is not based on assessment and does not provide a single correct answer. The theory applies when inventive problems arise at the level of a person. These may be issues that are not resolved in an obvious or familiar way. That is, you have to invent something that will help you win without any loss.

When to use it?

TRIZ decoding indicates that there are inventive problems. And just when they arise, the need to apply theory begins. An inventive problem is one that cannot be solved by known or obvious means. Therefore, there is a need for an invention that will allow you to win without losing anything. First step on the path to invention: reformulate the problem so that the formulation itself removes ineffective solutions:

• Everything must remain as it was

• EITHER the harmful and useless quality must disappear

• EITHER a new useful quality will appear

Thus, an ordinary task becomes inventive when it is necessary to eliminate a contradiction in order to resolve it, or, in other words, to arrive at an ideal end result.

How to deal with contradictions?

A contradiction is a relationship between two concepts and judgments, each of which is a negation of the other. There are three types of contradictions in TRIZ. In the list, they are ranked from the easiest in terms of solving to the most difficult:

 An administrative conflict arises when “the system needs to be improved, but I don’t know how or I don’t have the right to do so”. This contradiction can be neutralized by studying additional documents or making administrative decisions – that is, by looking for resources with which this contradiction can be resolved.

 A technical contradiction occurs when an improvement in one parameter of a system leads to a deterioration in another parameter. For example, the wing of an airplane must be strong – more material is needed for this. But it should be light – but then it will not be strong.

 Physical contradiction: “to improve the system, part of it must be in different physical states at the same time, which is impossible.” This is the most difficult contradiction because it is based on the physical laws of nature.

Ideal solution

An ideal solution or an ideal end result is a situation in which the problem is solved without any cost or loss. That is, external resources are not used, nothing in the system becomes more complicated, and no adverse effects appear. The formulation of the ideal solution can be carried out in three ways, but in all cases the use of the words “self”, “itself”, “by yourself”, etc. If the ideal solution is formulated correctly, the desired effect will be achieved practically for free, that is, using existing resources. So basically three formulations of the ideal solution are used:

1. The system independently implements this function.

2. There is no system and its functions are performed using available resources.

3. The function is not required.

Types of TRIZ resources

Resources are anything useful and necessary to achieve the desired result. As we remember, in order to achieve a result, it is necessary to use only the resources that are already available. In TRIZ, they are divided into several categories:

 Temporary

 Information. This includes books and other media, as well as social media.

 Material. Here it is worth thinking about equipment, money or tools.

 Spatial. Area, volume and other resources.

 Humanitarian. This category includes the people themselves and their abilities, such as sight, hearing, smell and touch.

 Energetic. Electric, thermal, atomic energy, sound signals, etc. stand out here.

 Others. This includes culture, image and other resources, including past events.

TRIZ Decision Techniques

In TRIZ, 40 different methods and techniques have been identified for resolving contradictions in inventive technical problems. Below I will list the 10 most popular ones:

1. The principle of splitting

It works like this:

• we divide the object into independent parts;

• we perform tasks in a partial form;

• increase the degree of splitting.

2. The emission principle

Here we separate from the object the parts or properties that interfere or are not necessary, or, conversely, we select the necessary elements.

3. The principle of association

To implement it, we proceed as follows:

• we connect homogeneous objects or objects intended for related operations;

• homogeneous or adjacent operations are combined in time.

4. The reverse principle

Here we follow the following algorithm:

• perform an action contrary to what is dictated by the conditions of the problem;

• make the moving part immobile, and the immobile we put it in motion;

• turn the object over or knock it over.

5. The principle of continuity of useful action

In its implementation, work must be carried out continuously. In this case, all elements should work at full load all the time, and the performer should eliminate inactive and intermediate actions.

6. The principle of “turning evil into favor”

• Non-standard method, but which works, and as follows:

• using harmful factors to obtain a positive effect;

• we eliminate the harmful factor by combining it with other harmful factors;

• we reinforce the harmful factor to such an extent that it ceases to be harmful.

7. The “middleman” principle

To implement it, you need to introduce an intermediate object that forwards or forwards the action. You can also temporarily attach another easily removable object to the project object.

8. The principle of self-service

Everything is simple here – the object serves itself independently, if necessary, performs auxiliary and repair operations.

9. The principle of copying

Instead of an inaccessible, complex, expensive, impractical or fragile part, simpler or cheaper copies can be used.

10. The principle of cheap fragility instead of durability

It involves replacing an expensive part with a cheaper set that is inferior to the original in certain qualities, such as durability.

TRIZ and creativity

To understand what is common between TRIZ and the creative approach, let’s identify some similarities between them. Thus, both methods are based on the following methods to find a solution:

 Brainstorming is an active discussion of an object by several participants without prior evaluation of the proposals. Each person should offer as many options as possible to solve the problem, even if they are unrealistic to implement.

 The method of analogies consists in comparing and identifying similarities between two objects. Works great when combined with brainstorming.

 Morphological analysis is a search for solutions for individual elements of the problem and their subsequent combination in work.

 The method of focal objects is the search for associations with random objects and the use of those properties that are not related to the main subject.

 The Robinson method includes the search for the most diverse ways of using the selected object.

 The system operator involves finding connections that allow you to create a separate system

How to use TRIZ to solve problems in the blockchain

In order for technology to help solve the problem, it is advisable to follow the following algorithm of actions:

1. Formulate the inventive problem of the code in the project

2. Analyze the system and determine the task parameters

3. Identify the contradiction and determine which type it belongs to

4. Formulate the ideal end result – what should be

5. Identify resources available to assist you in the solution process

6. Use one or more adapted techniques

7. Analyze the result

Despite the fact that this technique was originally intended to solve technical problems, it has found wide application in other fields. With its help, you can find non-standard solutions to standard problems. In fact, every person applies the TRIZ techniques and principles on a daily basis, but simply does not know it.

Written by Sergey Golubev (Сергей Голубев)

Crynet Marketing Solutions, vtorov.tech, EU structural funds, ICO/STO/IEO projects, NGO & investment projects, project management
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by Golubev_Od_UA @golubev.Crynet.io (managing partner), vtorov.tech (expert), ICO/STO/IEO/IDO, business and marketing projects

[email protected]

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